Remember, nothing is alleged to--or can have--happened to all of MLB over some one or two seasons: the claim is that PEDs were being used at a slowly but steadily increasing rate (and thus "distorting records") from very roughly 1980 through the present. Were that so, or anything like it, we would expect to see a clear long-term uptrend during this period. But we don't: we see a nearly flat line that, if anything, slopes slightly down. The "boost" just isn't there. But that doesn't seem to stop anyone from talking about it.
Clinical significance of residual stone fragments following stone removal
Diagnosis and acute management of suspected nephrolithiasis in adults
Evaluation of the adult patient with established nephrolithiasis and treatment if stone composition is unknown
Management of struvite or staghorn calculi
Management of ureteral calculi
Nephrolithiasis during pregnancy
Nephrolithiasis in renal tubular acidosis
Options in the management of renal and ureteral stones in adults
Pathogenesis and clinical manifestations of struvite stones
Prevention of recurrent calcium stones in adults
Renal complications of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
Risk factors for calcium stones in adults
The first kidney stone and asymptomatic nephrolithiasis in adults
Uric acid nephrolithiasis
Not shortly after Roger Maris record was broken, another baseball player, Jason Giambi and various other athletes were either suspected of, or proven to have, taken anabolic steroids. Again, Congress convened a hearing, and just as they did the first time in 1990, they did not determine that steroids were a danger, but rather that the danger was more in protecting professional sports organizations. The updated statute has been updated to proscribe pro-hormones also The definition of an anabolic steroid as defined currently in the United States under (41)(A) is that "anabolic steroid" means any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to testosterone (other than estrogens , progestins, corticosteroids, and dehydroepiandrosterone (7).