At Arusha the first inspection of a company of Askari was held, The spirit and discipline of the black unit revealed the admirable education they had received at the hands of my predecessor, Colonel Freiherr von Schleuntz; but, m accordance with the hitherto accepted principles of thieir employment, their training for lighting against an enemy with modern armament had been developed to a lesser degree. Like the majority of the Askari companies, this company was still armed with the old 1871 pattern rifle, using smoky powder. The opinion was widely held that for black troops this was more suitable than a modern rifle with smokeless powder, for they had hitherto never been employed against an opponent with modern armament, but only in native warfare, where the larger caliber is an advantage, while the disadvantage of smoke is of no consequence. After the outbreak of war, indeed, the enthusiastic supporters of the 1871 rifle changed their minds. Against an enemy provided with modern smokeless equipment the smoky rifle was, not only at the long ranges obtaining in the open plain, but also in bush-fighting, where the combatants are often but. a few paces apart, decidedly inferior. The man using smokeless powder remains invisible, while the cloud of smoke betrays the enemy with rapidity and certainty, not only to the sharp eye of the native Askari, but even to the European accustomed to office work. Thus, at the beginnig of the war, the greatest reward which could be earned by an Askari was to give him a modern captured rifle in place of his old smoky one.
and 2 cm Flak Crew Manual - WW2 Era Issue
Handbuch für Den Flakartilleristen (Der Kanonier) , Handbook for the Flak Artillery Crew (The Cannonier). Dated 1941, 8th Improved Edition. Paperback, 67 pages. This manual is a translation of parts of the 1941 Handbook for the Flak Artillery. The only sections contained herein are the basics for each gun, and the detailed descriptions of the tasks for each crewmember during setup and firing. It does not contain the artillery geometry, theory, communication, or aircraft recognition sections of the original 204 page manual.
Please reference "Flak Crew" on your order.
$17 – includes . first class postage.
Cover Contents Page 19 Page 59
To contain Germany, the United Kingdom, France and Italy formed the Stresa Front in April 1935; however, that June, the United Kingdom made an independent naval agreement with Germany, easing prior restrictions. The Soviet Union, concerned by Germany's goals of capturing vast areas of Eastern Europe , drafted a treaty of mutual assistance with France. Before taking effect though, the Franco-Soviet pact was required to go through the bureaucracy of the League of Nations, which rendered it essentially toothless.  The United States, concerned with events in Europe and Asia, passed the Neutrality Act in August of the same year.